• Conversion rates for prehospital paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) with the addition of adenosine: a before-and-after trial

    by Alan Batt. Last modified: 22/07/14

    2013-04-23 16.17.05 (Custom)

     

     
    Morrison LJ1, Allan R, Vermeulen M, Dong SL, McCallum AL. Conversion rates for prehospital paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) with the addition of adenosine: a before-and-after trial. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2001 Oct-Dec;5(4):353-9. PMID: 11642584.

    Abstract

    Objective

    To determine whether the prehospital administration of adenosine to adults with stable and unstable paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) influences conversion rate (CR) to sinus rhythm, scene time, use of synchronized electrical cardioversion (SEC), and accuracy of rhythm strip interpretation by paramedics.

    Methods

    This before-and-after study compared a retrospective control group (CG) prior to the introduction of adenosine with a prospective treatment group (TG) following the addition of adenosine to the PSVT treatment protocol in a large urban advanced life support emergency medical services system. The population represented patients > or = 18 years of age with PSVT diagnosed by the paramedic (defined as spontaneous onset of a regular narrow-complex tachycardia between 140 and 250 beats/minute).

    Results

    The CG comprised 74 calls and the TG 137 calls. The overall CR was higher in the TG (59% vs 32%, p < 0.001). The SEC and spontaneous conversion rates remained unchanged. The proportion of untreated patients with PSVT decreased from 26% CG to 12% TG (p < 0.01). Scene times were longer in the TG (26 vs 19 minutes, p < 0.001). Agreement between paramedic and physician rhythm strip interpretations was fair to moderate (CG kappa 0.43 [95% CI: 0.14, 0.72]; TG kappa 0.37 [95% CI: 0.13, 0.61]).

    Conclusions

    The introduction of adenosine was associated with a significant increase in the prehospital CR of stable and unstable PSVT, while the SEC and spontaneous conversion rates were similar in each group; however, scene times were longer in the TG and paramedic accuracy in rhythm strip interpretation remained fair to moderate.

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    Alan Batt

    Alan Batt

    Paramedic, educator, researcher
    Alan is a critical care paramedic, paramedic educator and prehospital researcher, currently working around the world as an educator and researcher. He has previously worked and studied across Europe, North America and the Middle East. He holds a Graduate Certificate in Intensive Care Paramedic Studies, and an MSc in Critical Care. His main interests are in care of the elderly, end-of-life care, patient safety, professionalism (including role and identity), and paramedic education.

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